1. It got its name from the neighbouring islanders of La Palma; they called it Tene (mountain) Ife (white). The Canary Islands, themselves, getting their name from the Berber King Juba whose expedition there in ancient time had encountered unusually savage dogs and adding to its already forbidding name, 15th map makers called it Isla del Infierno ( island of hell) on account this time not of its dogs but its volcanic activity.
2. The islands have seen off repeated attacks by British forces, repulsing the Elizabethan sea dogs John Hawkins and Sir Walter Raleigh and causing Admiral Lord Nelson the loss of his arm in an attack on the capital Santa Cruz 1797.
3. Tenerife has been built up from the ocean floor by almost constant (constant in geological terms anyway)seismic activity, over the last 50 million years, its current shape dates from roughly 3 million years ago, there have been 4 eruptions in recorded history, thankfully none causing casualties. Its principal volcano Mount Teide it not only the highest mountain on the Canaries but the highest mountain of Spain.
4. Tenerife has a huge variety of climates and vegetation considering its size: ranging from semi-desert in the south, to alpine in the Parque National del Teide with its extensive pine forests to the lush tropical valleys of the north.
5. These days Tenerife is known by the far more benign name of the “Island of Eternal Spring” (Isla de la Eternal Primavera).The humid trade winds and cold sea current keeping her cool in summer and Tenerife’s southern latitudes keeping the winters mild.
6. In spite of its small surface area the island of has Tenerife has a remarkable ecological diversity. The existence of natural microclimates and, therefore, habitats, means that a rich and diverse plant life exists with over 1400 species of plant with well over a hundred species only found on Tenerife.
7. In recent years Tenerife has moved away from its mass tourism/package holiday image after the Moratoria act was passed in the Canarian Parliament. The Moratoria Act stated that no more hotels could be built on the island unless they are classified as 5 star quality and comprise different services such as golf courses or conference facilities. This act has seen Tenerife tourism enter a new luxury phase of its development.